Health effects of fibers discussion work

Whole grains and dietary fiber provide a unique combination of bioactive components, including low-glycemic-resistant starches, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. Dietary fibers are not digested in the small intestine but are digested totally or partially in the large intestine. The organic compounds fall into two types, water-soluble organic compounds and water-insoluble organic compounds. Arabinoxylan, inulin, pectin, bran, cellulose, β-glucan, and resistant starch fall under one of these divisions. Products with a low-calorie value are the principal ingredient of foods with dietary fiber that have gained relevance in recent years. Fibers give several health benefits and essential functional properties that are effective in increasing the taste of food. In addition to coordinating the significant intestine function, fibers also contribute to glucose, lipids, and mineral metabolism. As a result, they protect from gastrointestinal disorders, diarrhea, hemorrhoids, gastritis, duodenal ulcers, diverticuli, obesity, diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and hypertension. On the other hand, excess intake of dietary fiber leads to constipation, diarrhea, bloating, gas formation, and abdominal cramp. Food and drug administration (FDA) have approved two health claims for dietary fiber. According to the first claim, eating more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains and reduced-fat consumption may decrease several types of cancer. In addition, people consuming six or more than one-ounce equivalents, with three of those coming from whole grain items, can boost the body’s consumption power. For example, one ounce is equivalent to one slice of bread, 12 cups of oatmeal or rice, or five up to seven crispy snacks.

Beneficial and harmful effects of fibers
Dietary fiber is a form of non-digestible carbohydrate found in the diet. In addition to lowering appetite and supporting weight loss, and can have a good impact on health.

1) The consumption of fiber lowers the ability of the body to absorb nutrients and promotes feelings of fullness by absorbing water in the intestines.

2) The glycaemic index of refined carbohydrates is lowered because they get depleted.

3) They contribute to minimizing blood sugar increases when included in carbohydrate-containing meals.

4) According to scientists, however, this property can only be exhibited by soluble fibers of excellent viscosity.

5) Intake of carbohydrates with fiber can lessen the chance that blood sugar will rise to harmful levels.

There are some side effects associated with excess intake of dietary fiber content in food as follows:

1) Gas formation

2) Bloating

3) Abdominal cramps

4) Feeling too full

5) Constipation/diarrhea

6) Dehydration

7) Decreased absorption of some vital nutrients by the intestine

8) Weight gain or weight loss

Difference between soluble and insoluble fibers
When determining the classification of substances, chemical, physical, and functional characteristics must be considered. Fibers are of two types, soluble and insoluble. These two functions are fundamentally different, although they are essential to the body.

Soluble fiber:

1) They form gels when exposed to water. This gel can assist in weight loss since it inhibits digestion.

2) The following food items containing high levels of soluble fiber are oats, legumes, foods derived from edible plant skins, and nuts.

3) Fibers that produce a viscous gel in the digestive tracts do not decompose by gut bacteria; therefore, they are generally effective.

4) The gel-forming fiber psyllium is an excellent example of such a fiber.

5) In addition to fiber, additional types promote bowel motions by transporting water into the colon. Sorbitol is prevalent in prunes.

Insoluble fiber:

1) Insoluble fibers are resistant to water. Therefore, an essential benefit is that it gives stability in bowel movement as well as helps in the process of digestion.

2) Upon dissolving in water, fiber forms a thick gel.

3) Microflora in the big intestine can easily digest and ferment after skipping digestion in the small intestine.

4) Their primary components are pectins, gums, inulins, and certain hemicelluloses.

5) Fibers insoluble in water are not soluble in the human digestive tract.

6) Water insolubility inhibits them from forming gels. Thus, the fermentation process is hindered.

7) The substances lignin and cellulose, as well as hemicellulose, are some of the examples of insoluble fiber.

8) Approximately one-third of the fiber in meals includes soluble fiber, whereas two-thirds are insoluble fiber.


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